Firefighter ranks possibly be the next matter that you would like to know if you have made up your mind to accept firefighting as your career. In our previous article, we have discussed about the firefighter job description that definitely had given you a clear idea what you should do while performing firefighting as a profession. This article is going to show you what would be your career in any of the United States fire departments and will help you preparing your path of development accordingly.
In the United States fire departments, firefighters can be of two types, one is career firefighter, and another is volunteer firefighter. Firefighter ranks are maintained in both types of firefighters. However, all the United States fire departments from all the 51 states are not following the same system of firefighter ranks. We will discuss about a standard ranking system that is quite common all through the United States.
Firefighter ranks are usually symbolized through badges and the most commonly used sign in all United States fire departments is a ‘Bugle’ or ‘Trumpet’. The number of bugles increases as the rank goes up and the badge can be generally seen on the front side of the firefighting helmet. The earlier article about history of firefighting would be helpful for you before knowing various firefighter ranks if you want to know more about the beginning of the profession.
Firefighter Ranks of United States fire departments:
• Firefighter is the initial rank of the profession. As you know all the big fishes have to start as small, your first footstep in the profession will start as firefighter and will have no bugle in the badge. Depending on various United States fire departments, there may be different grades of firefighters with the same or different badges.
• Fire equipment operators, drivers and engineers exist in many departments. Usually, there are no insignia remains in the badge of these positions. However, there may a note of the rank and may contain two sub-grades. Our previous post about firefighter tools and equipments may help you guide through various essentials for firefighters.
• Lieutenant is the next rank and this is the point when your badge will contain one bugle, generally in silver color. This is the beginning of a firefighter in an ‘Officer’ rank and there are few United States fire departments that use multiple grades for this rank.
• Among all firefighter ranks, Captain is being used most commonly in all fire departments that are represented with two parallel trumpets that remains connected with a lean bar. Few departments also use gold bugles as well as gold bars for Captain Badge.
• Senior Captain is an infrequently used firefighter rank that also comes with 2 silver bugles and remains crossed. This also can be considered as a sub-grade of Captain.
• Among Officers, Battalion Chief is the topmost rank and is the lowest of Chief. There may be several Battalion Chiefs in the United States fire departments because they have to be present always through shifting duty. The insignia of a Battalion Chief generally contains two gold trumpets crossed or a pair of stars. However, there are some departments that use 3 bugles or 1 star.
• Additional Chief is the next of firefighter ranks that is actually a middle rank of Battalion Chief and Chief. The insignia of Additional Chief normally contains 3 to 4 crossed gold trumpets or 3-4 stars. The title of Additional Chief may vary from fire departments such as Deputy Chief, District Chief and Assistant Chief.
• Chief is the highest of firefighter ranks and has a badge with 5 golden bugles or 5 stars.
Other than these common firefighter ranks, few other ranks may also exist such as Sergeant, Inspector, and Major in many United States fire departments. Also, there may be variations in the insignia from different fire departments. Some fire departments use cuff stripes or military type badges that remains attached on their uniform. However, what do firefighters do to ensure a fire safe environment is always the same whatever the badges, ranks or uniforms are.